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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 115-122

Effect of aqueous and alcoholic extract of Sesbania sesban (Linn) Merr. root on glycemic control in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

1 Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
2 R.P. Inderprastha Institute of Technology, Bastara, Karnal, Haryana, India
3 Central Research Institute for Homoeopathy, Drug Standardization Unit, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Manjusha Choudhary
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra - 136 119, Haryana
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Source of Support: Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra as M.Pharmacy Dissertation., Conflict of Interest: None

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Aim: The present study was carried out to investigate the hypoglycemic effects of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Sesbania sesban (SS) (Merr.) roots, which is widely used in inflammation, fever, ulcers, leucoderma and diabetes in various parts of India. Materials and Methods: SS extracts were administered orally at doses (500 and 1000 mg/kg) to normal and streptozotocin (STZ) induced Type-2 diabetic mice. The fasting blood glucose (FBG), biochemical parameters in serum viz., blood glucose, serum insulin, cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, urea, creatinine and total protein, change in body weight, internal organs weight, food intake, water intake and glycogen level in liver were performed for the evaluation of hypoglycemic effects. Results: Both doses of aqueous and ethanolic SS extracts caused a marked decrease of FBG in STZ induced Type-2 diabetic mice. Both extracts decreased the cholesterol, TG, urea, creatinine level and increased the insulin, HDL cholesterol and total protein level. Decrease in body weight and glycogen level induced by STZ was restored. Increase in water and food intake induced by STZ was decreased. Conclusions: The results suggest that aqueous and ethanolic extracts of SS may have hypoglycemic potential for the Type-2 diabetes and support the traditional use of the roots of plant as a hypoglycemic agent.

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